Analysis and Comparison of Under Five Child Mortality between Rural and Urban Area in Bangladesh
Arfan Raheen AFZAL
child mortality, urban, rural, Bangladesh, ATF, Cox-PH, KM, BDHS
Knowledge of factors that affect the under-five year child mortality is important because it pertains to policy and programs. Causes and differences of under-five mortality between rural and urban area help decision makers to assess programmatic needs and prioritize interventions. This paper investigates the causes and differences of under-five mortality between rural and urban area in Bangladesh using Kaplan-Meier, Cox Proportional Hazard (Cox-PH) and Accelerated Failure Time (AFT) Regression model. Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS)-2007 data are used for the study. The results show that for both the areas, survival probability for children whose mothers have higher education is very high and in urban area the failure rate is very high for children of poor economic status. The Cox-PH analysis reveals that risk of death was lower for children whose mothers were matured and higher educated than younger and no educated mother in rural area. In urban area, children from rich family and the 2nd or 3rd child have lower risk of death compared to poor and 1st child. The AFT analysis shows that for both the areas Weibull distribution better fits the data.